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Glossary

hapū
sub–tribe, extended whānau
hui a hapū
a meeting of the hapū
iwi
tribe
iwi authority
the authority that represents an iwi and which is recognised by that iwi as having authority to do so.
kaitiakitanga
the exercise of guardianship
kaumātua
a respected elder within the tribe
ki uta ki tai
from the mountains to the sea
mahinga kai
food and other resources and the areas that they are sourced from or in which they grow.
manawhenua
those who hold rangatiratanga for a particular area or district.
mauri
the essential life force or principle; a metaphysical quality inherent in all things, both animate and inanimate.
Ngāi Tahu
South Island tribe
Ngāti Kahungunu
North Island east coast tribe
rangatahi
teenager, young adult
rangatiratanga
chiefly authority
rohe
area
rūnanga
local representative groups or community system of organisation
takiwā
area, region, district
tangata whenua
the iwi or hapū that holds manawhenua in a particular area
taonga
treasured possessions, both tangible and intangible
tapu
sacred
waahi tapu
sacred places
whānau
family