View all publications

Land-use impacts on freshwater and marine environments in New Zealand

Publication date:  April 2019
Publication reference number:  CR 335

This report summaries the published literature on land-use impacts on New Zealand's freshwater and coastal environments. The report is structured around pressure-state-impact relationships that link land-use pressures (eg, elevated contaminant loads and water abstraction) to changes in environmental state (eg, chemical-physical water quality and flow regime), and in turn, to impacts on ecological, social, cultural and economic values in New Zealand freshwater and marine environments.