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Figure 9.3: Land use in New Zealand, 2004

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Data source: Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry.

Text description of figure

Figure 9.3 shows a map of New Zealand according to its land use classification in 2004.  There are 18 land use classes each mapped in a different colour where these occur across New Zealand. Four land cover classes are also shown in the map for areas primarily used for recreation and conservation purposes.  The land use classes include:

  • Dairy
  • Intensive beef and sheep
  • Hill country sheep and beef
  • High country sheep and beef
  • Deer
  • Other animals
  • Ungrazed
  • Urban
  • Planted forest
  • Arable
  • Vegetables
  • Berryfruit
  • Pipfruit
  • Grapes
  • Summer fruit
  • Tropical fruit
  • Kiwifruit
  • Flowers.

The land cover classes include:

  • Tussock
  • Native Forest
  • Rivers, lakes, ice and snow
  • Scrub.

Dairy, Intensive beef and sheep, Hill country sheep and beef, and Planted forest are the dominant land-use classes that have the highest percentage of total land area in New Zealand.

The Dairy and Intensive sheep and beef land-use classes occur predominantly in the Northland, Auckland, and Manawatu-Wanganui regions and the east coast of the South Island.

The Hill-country sheep and beef land-use class occurs predominantly in the Gisborne, Hawke’s Bay, Manawatu-Wanganui and Wellington regions in the North Island and the Canterbury and Otago regions of the South Island.

The Planted forest Land-use class occurs predominantly in the Bay of Plenty and Tasman regions.

The tussock land-cover class occurs mainly in the high country of the Central North Island and the high country running the length of the South Island.

The native forest land-cover class occurs mainly in the central North Island and the West Coast of the South Island.

The Rivers, lakes, ice and snow land-cover class and the Scrub land-cover class occur scattered mainly throughout the South Island, with a smaller amount scattered throughout the North Island.

Table 9.4 provides information on the percentage of total land area for all the land-use and land cover classes in New Zealand.