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References

General references

IPCC. 1995. Houghton JT, Meira Filho LG, Callender BA, Harris N, Kattenberg A, Maskell K (Eds). Climate Change 1995: The Science of Climate Change. Contribution of Working Group I to the Second Assessment of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press: UK. 572.

IPCC. 1996. Houghton JT, Meira Filho LG, Lim B, Treanton K, Mamaty I, Bonduki Y, Griggs DJ, Callender BA (Eds). IPCC/OECD/IEA. Revised 1996 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories. UK Meteorological Office: Bracknell.

IPCC. 2000. Penman J, Kruger D, Galbally I, Hiraishi T, Nyenzi B, Emmanul S, Buendia L, Hoppaus R, Martinsen T, Meijer J, Miwa K, Tanabe K (Eds). Good Practice Guidance and Uncertainty Management in National Greenhouse Gas Inventories. IPCC National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Programme. Published for the IPCC by the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies: Japan.

IPCC. 2001. Houghton JT, Ding Y, Griggs DJ, Noguer M, van der Linden PJ, Xiaosu D (Eds). Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Third AssessmentReport of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Cambridge University Press: UK. 944.

IPCC. 2003. Penman J, Gytarsky M, Hiraishi T, Krug T, Kruger D, Pipatti R, Buendia L, Miwa K, Ngara T, Tanabe K, Wagner F (Eds). Good Practice Guidance for Land Use, Land-use Change and Forestry. IPCC National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Programme. Published for the IPCC by the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies: Japan.

IPCC. 2006. Eggleston HS, Buendia L, Miwa K, Ngara T, Tanabe K (Eds). 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories. Volume 3. Industrial Processes and Product Use. IPCC National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Programme. Published for the IPCC by the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies: Japan.

IPCC. 2006. Eggleston HS, Buendia L, Miwa K, Ngara T, Tanabe K (Eds). 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories. Volume 5. Waste. IPCC National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Programme. Published for the IPCC by the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies: Japan.

IPCC. 2007. Solomon S, Qin D, Manning M, Chen Z, Marquis M, Averyt K, Tignor MB, and Miller HL (Eds). Climate Change 2007: The physical science basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Forth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press: UK.

Ministry for the Environment. 2006. New Zealand’s Initial Report under the Kyoto Protocol:Facilitating the calculation of New Zealand’s assigned amount and demonstrating New Zealand’s capacity to account for its emissions and assigned amount in accordance with Article 7 paragraph 4 of the Kyoto Protocol. Wellington: Ministry for the Environment.

UNFCCC. 2001a. FCCC/WEB/IRI (1)/2000/NZL. Report of the individual review of the greenhouse gas inventory of New Zealand submitted in the year 2000. Desk Review (20 June 2001).

UNFCCC .2001b. FCCC/WEB/IRI (2)/2000/NZL. Report of the individual review of the greenhouse gas inventory of New Zealand submitted in the year 2000. In-country Review (20 July 2001).

UNFCCC. 2001c. FCCC/WEB/IRI (3)/2000/NZL. Report of the individual review of the greenhouse gas inventory of New Zealand submitted in the year 2000. Centralised Review (30 May 2001).

UNFCCC. 2003. FCCC/WEB/IRI (1)/2002/NZL. Report of the individual review of the greenhouse gas inventory of New Zealand submitted in the year 2002. Desk Review (13 October 2003).

UNFCCC. 2006. FCCC/SBSTA/2006/9. Guidelines for the preparation of national communications by Parties included in Annex I to the Convention, Part I: UNFCCC reporting guidelines on annual inventories (following incorporation of the provisions of decision 13/CP.9).

UNFCCC. 2007. FCCC/IRR/2007/NZL. New Zealand. Report of the review of the initial report of New Zealand. In-country Review (19–24 February 2007).

United Nations. 1992. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

Specific references for Chapter 3: Energy

Baines JT. 1993. New Zealand Energy Information Handbook: energy data conversion factors and definitions. Taylor Baines and Associates: Christchurch, New Zealand.

Beamish BB, Vance WE. 1992. Greenhouse Gas Contributions from Coal Mining in Australia and New Zealand. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 22 (2).

Hale and Twomey Ltd. 2003. Review of Energy Sector Greenhouse Gas Emissions’ Factors. Report to Energy Modelling and Statistics Unit, Ministry of Economic Development.

Ministry of Economic Development. 2006. New Zealand Energy Greenhouse Gas Emissions 1990–2005. Ministry of Economic Development: New Zealand.

Ministry of Economic Development. 2008a. New Zealand Energy Greenhouse Gas Emissions 1990–2007. Ministry of Economic Development: New Zealand.

Ministry of Economic Development. 2008b. New Zealand Energy Data File. Ministry of Economic Development: New Zealand.

OECD/IEA. 2006. Energy Policies of IEA Countries: New Zealand 2006 Review. International Energy Agency: Paris.

Specific references for Chapter 4: Industrial processes

Cement and Concrete Association of New Zealand (CCANZ). 1995. The state of the standards. New Zealand Concrete Construction. October/November 1995 p40.

CRL Energy Ltd. 2006. Hennessy W, Maxwell D. Inventory of Non-CO2Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Industrial Sources and Solvents for New Zealand 2004–2005. A report by CRL Energy Ltd to the Ministry for the Environment: New Zealand.

CRL Energy Ltd. 2008. Hennessy W. Inventory of HFC, PFC & SF6Emissions for New Zealand 2007. A report by CRL Energy Ltd to the Ministry for the Environment: New Zealand.

Ministry of Economic Development. 2008a. New Zealand Energy Greenhouse Gas Emissions 1990–2007. Ministry of Economic Development: New Zealand.

Ministry of Economic Development. 2008b. New Zealand Energy Data File. Ministry of Economic Development: New Zealand.

Roke L. 2006. Personal communication. Fisher and Paykel: New Zealand.

Ure CR. 2000. Alternative Iron-making at BHP New Zealand Steel. 58th Electric Furnace Conference and 17th Process Technology Conference. Orlando, FL, USA: 12–15 November 2000. pp 535–546.

World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD). 2005. The Cement CO2 Protocol: CO2 Accounting and Reporting Standard for the Cement Industry. Switzerland.

Specific references for Chapter 5: Solvent and other product use

Auckland Regional Council. 1997. Auckland Air Emissions Inventory. Report by the Victorian Environmental Protection Agency: New Zealand.

CRL Energy Ltd. 2006. Hennessy W, Maxwell D. Inventory of Non-CO2Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Industrial Sources and Solvents for New Zealand 2004–2005. A report by CRL Energy Ltd to the Ministry for the Environment: New Zealand.

Nelson, P. 1992. Waste Control and Pollution Prevention in the Paint Industry. Surface Coatings Australia (July).

United States EPA. 1985. Compilation of Air Pollutant Emission Factors, Vol. 1: Stationary Point and Area Sources, 5th edition (commonly known as AP-42). United States Environmental Protection Agency.

Specific references for Chapter 6: Agriculture

CSIRO. 1990. Feeding Standards for Australian Livestock: Ruminants.

Carran RA, Theobold PW, Evans JP. 1995. Emissions of nitrous oxide from some grazed pasture soils. New Zealand and Australian Journal of Soil Research 33: 341–352.

Carran RA, Dewar D, Theobald PW. 2003. Methane and nitrous oxide emissions from sheep dung. Report prepared for the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry by the New Zealand Pastoral Agricultural Research Institute. 29.

Clark H. 2008. Guidelines to Accompany Computerised Inventory. Report to the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, 42pp.

Clark H, Brookes I, Walcroft A. 2003. Enteric methane emissions from New Zealand ruminants 1990–2001 calculated using an IPCC Tier 2 approach. Report prepared for the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (March 2003).

Clough TJ, Kelliher FM, Clark H, and van der Weerden TJ. 2008. Incorporation of the Nitrification Inhibitor DCD into New Zealand’s 2009 National Inventory. Report to the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, 37pp.

de Klein CAM, Barton L, Sherlock RR, Li Z, Littlejohn RP. 2003. Estimating a nitrous oxide emission factor for animal urine from some New Zealand pastoral soils.Australian Journal of Soil Research 41: 381–399.

Grainger C, Clarke T, McGinn SM, Auldist MJ, Beauchemin KA, Hannah MC, Waghorn GC, Clark H, Eckard RJ. 2007. Methane emissions from dairy cows measured with sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) tracer and chamber techniques. Journal of Dairy Science. In press.

Heatley P. 2001. Dairyingand the environment: managing farm dairy effluent. New Zealand Dairy Research Institute: Palmerston North, New Zealand.

Kay RNB. 1995. Body Size, Patterns of Growth, and Efficiency of Production in Red Deer. In: Biology of Deer Production. Fennessey PF, Drew KR (Eds). Royal Society of New Zealand Bulletin 22: 411–421.

Kelliher FM, Clough T, Newsome P, Pitcher-Campbell S, Shephard G. 2002. N2O emissions from organic soils. Report for the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (June 2002).

Kelliher FM, Ledgard SF, Clark H, Walcroft AS, Buchan M, Sherlock RR. 2003. A Revised Nitrous Oxide Emissions Inventory for New Zealand 1990–2001. Report for the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (March 2003).

Kelliher FM; de Klein CAM; Li Z; Sherlock RR. 2005. Review of nitrous oxide emission factor (EF3) data. Report prepared for the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. 20.

Kelliher FM, de Klein CAM. 2006. Review of New Zealand’s fertiliser nitrous oxide emission factor (EF1) data. A Report for the Ministry for the Environment (April 2006): New Zealand.

Lassey KR, Ulyatt MJ, Martin RJ, Walker CF, Shelton ID. 1997. Methane Emissions Measured Directly from Grazing Livestock in New Zealand. Atmospheric Environment 31: 2905–2914.

Laubach J, Kelliher FM. 2004. Measuring methane emission rates of a dairy cow herd by two micrometeorological techniques. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 125: 279–303.

Ledgard SF, Webby R, Hawke M. 2003. Improved estimation of N excretion by grazing animals to improve N2O emission inventories. Report prepared for the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. 29.

Ledgard S, Brier G. 2004. Estimation of the proportion of animal excreta transferred to the farm dairy effluent system. Report prepared for Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry: New Zealand.

Livestock Improvement Corporation Limited 2008. Dairy Statistics 2006–2007.

McGrath RJ, Mason IG. 2002. An observational method for assessment of biogas production from an anaerobic waste stabilisation pond treating farm dairy wastewater. Presented IWA Specialised Conference on Waste Stabilisation Ponds (April 2002): Auckland, New Zealand.

Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. 2008. Situation and Outlook for New Zealand Agriculture and Forestry (SONZAF). Available at http://www.maf.govt.nz/mafnet/rural-nz/statistics-and-forecasts/sonzaf/2008/

Muller C, Sherlock RR, Williams PH. 1995. Direct field measurements of nitrous oxide emissions from urine-affected and urine-unaffected pasture in Canterbury. In: Proceedings of the workshop on fertilizer requirements of grazed pasture and field crops: macro and micronutrients. Currie LD, Loganathan P (Eds). Occasional Report No. 8, ISSN 0112–9902: 7. Massey University: Palmerston North. 243–34.

Payton IJ, Pearce G. 2001. Does fire deplete physical and biological resources of tall-tussock (Chionochloa) grasslands? The latest attempt at some answers. Bushfire 2001. Australasian Bushfire Conference, 3–6 July 2001, Christchurch, New Zealand. 243–249.

Saggar S, Clark H, Hedley C, Tate K, Carran A, Cosgrove G. 2003. Methane emissions from animal dung and waste management systems, and its contribution to national budget. Landcare Research Contract Report: LC0301/02. Prepared for the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry: New Zealand. 39.

Sherlock RR, Johnston G, Kelliher F, Newsome P, Walcroft A, de Klein CAM, Ledgard S. 2001. A desktop study of regional variations in nitrous oxide emissions. Report prepared for the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry: New Zealand.

Sherlock RR, de Klein C, Li Z. 2003. Determination of N2O and CH4emission factors from animal excreta, following a summer application in three regions of New Zealand. A final report of an NzOnet study prepared for Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry: New Zealand. 27.

Statistics New Zealand. 2008. Agriculture Statistics table builder and Infoshare database. Available at http://www.stats.govt.nz/products-and-services/table-builder/tablebuilder-tables-agriculture.htm and http://www.stats.govt.nz/Infoshare/database/snz/databaseTree.asp

Thomas SM, Ledgard SF, Francis GS. 2005. Improving estimates of nitrate leaching for quantifying New Zealand’s indirect nitrous oxide emissions. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 73: 213–226.

Ulyatt MJ, Baker SK, McCrabb GJ, Lassey KR. 1999. Accuracy of the SF6 Tracer Technology and Alternatives for Field Measurements. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 50: 1329–1334.

Waghorn G, Molano G, Lassey K. 2002. Estimates of whole herd methane production from cows at the Lincoln University Dairy Farm in January and March 2002. A preliminary report to Landcare Research (unpublished): New Zealand. 17.

Waghorn G, Molano G, Cavanagh A. 2003. An estimate of whole herd methane production from cows at the Lincoln University Dairy Farm in October 2003. Final report prepared for Landcare Research NZ Ltd., AgResearch: Palmerston North. 23.

Wheeler DM, Ledgard SF, De Klein CAM, Monaghan PL, Carey PL, McDowell RW, Johns KL. 2003. OVERSEER® Nutrient budgets – moving towards on-farm resource accounting. Proceedings of the New Zealand Grassland Association 2003.

Specific references for Chapter 7: Land use, land-use change and forestry

Beets PN, Robertson K, Ford-Robertson JB, Gordon J, Maclaren JP. 1999. Description and Validation of C-change: A Model for Simulating Carbon Content in Managed Pinus Radiata Stands. New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science 29(3): 409–427.

Beets PN, Gilchrist K, Jeffreys M. 2001. Wood density of radiata pine: effect of nitrogen supply. Forest Ecology and Management 145: 173–180.

Challands N. 2007. Personal communication. New Zealand Fire Service: New Zealand.

Garcia O. 1984. Nagumo H et al (eds). FOLPI: a forestry-oriented linear programming interpreter. IUFRO symposium on Forest Management, Planning and Managerial Economics. University of Tokyo: Japan. 293–305.

Hollinger DY, Maclaren JP, Beets PN, Turland J. 1993. Carbon sequestration by New Zealand’s plantation forests. New Zealand Journal of Forest Science 23(2).

Hall G, Wiser S, Allen R, Moore T, Beets P, Goulding C. 1998. Estimate of the carbon stored in New Zealand’s indigenous forest and scrub vegetation for 1990. Report for the Ministry for the Environment, Landcare Research and Forest Research: Hamilton, New Zealand.

Hall GMJ, Wiser SK, Allen RB, Beets PN, Goulding CJ. 2001. Strategies to estimate national forest carbon stocks from inventory data: the 1990 New Zealand baseline. Global Change Biology 7, 389–403.

Jaakko Poyry Consulting. 2003. Small forest owners yield table evaluation. Contract report prepared for the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry: New Zealand.

Kelliher FM, de Klein CAM. 2006. Review of New Zealand’s fertiliser nitrous oxide emission factor (EF1) data. A Report for the Ministry for the Environment (April 2006): New Zealand.

Manley B, Papps S, Threadgill J, Wakelin S. 1991. Application of FOLPI, A Linear Programming Estate Modelling System for Forest Management Planning. Ministry of Forestry, FRI Bulletin No. 164.

Manley. 2004. Review of NEFD Yield Table Structure. Contract report prepared for the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry: New Zealand.

Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. 2008. National Exotic Forest Description as at 1 April 2007 (June 2008).

Scott NA, Tate KR, Giltrap DJ, Newsome PF, Davis MR, Baisden WT, Saggar S, Trotter CM, Walcroft AS, White JD, Trustrum NA, Stephens PR. 2001. Critical issues in quantifying land-use change effects on New Zealand’s terrestrial carbon budget: Deforestation, afforestation and reforestation. Extended Abstracts Volume 1, Sixth International Carbon Dioxide Conference, Sendai, Japan, October 2001. Organizing Committee of the Sixth International Carbon Dioxide Conference, Tohoku University: Japan. 559–562.

Tate KR, Scott NA, Parshotam A, Brown L, Wilde RH, Giltrap DJ, Trustrum NA, Gomez B, Ross DJ. 2000. A multi-scale analysis of a terrestrial carbon budget: Is New Zealand a source or sink of carbon? Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 82 (1–3) (December 2000). 229–246.

Tate KR, Barton JP, Trustrum NA, Baisden WT, Saggar S, Wilde RH, Giltrap DA, Scott NA. 2003a. Monitoring and modelling soil organic carbon stocks and flows in New Zealand. In: Soil Organic Carbon and Agriculture: Developing Indicators for Policy Analysis. Scott-Smith. CA (Ed). Proceedings of an OECD Expert Meeting, Ottawa, Canada, October 2002. Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development: Paris. 329.

Tate KR, Wilde RH, Giltrap DJ, Baisden WT, Saggar S, Trustrum NA, Scott NA. 2003b. Current approaches to soil carbon monitoring in New Zealand. Proceedings of carbon measurement and monitoring forum (CASGMS). Manhattan, Kansas, 15–17 October, 2003.

Tate KR, Wilde RH, Giltrap DJ, Baisden WT, Saggar S, Trustrum NA, Scott NA. 2004.Soil carbon changes and uncertainties with New Zealand land-use change. Singh B (2004). Supersoil 2004: Proceedings of the 3rd Australian New Zealand Soils Conference, University of Sydney, Australia, 5–9 December 2004. www.regional.org.au/au/asssi/supersoil2004

Thompson S, Gruner I, Gapare N. 2004. New Zealand Land Cover Database Version 2. Illustrated Guide to Target Classes. Report for the Ministry for the Environment: New Zealand.

Wakelin SJ. 2006. Review of LULUCF Biomass Burning Assumptions in New Zealand’s Greenhouse Gas Inventory. Report for the Ministry for the Environment.

Wakelin SJ. 2007. Carbon Inventory of New Zealand’s Planted Forests – Calculations revised in October 2007 for New Zealand’s 2006 Greenhouse Gas Inventory. Report for the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry.

Wakelin SJ. 2008. Carbon Inventory of New Zealand’s Planted Forests – Calculations revised in October 2008 for New Zealand’s 2007 Greenhouse Gas Inventory. Report for the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry.

Specific references for Chapter 8: Waste

Beca (2007) National Greenhouse Gas Inventory from Wastewater Treatment and Discharge. Unpublished.

IPCC. 2006. Eggleston S, Buendia L, Miwa K, Ngara T, Tanabe K (Eds). 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories volume 5, Waste. IPCC National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Programme. Published for the IPCC by the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies: Japan.

Ministry for the Environment. 1997. National Waste Data Report. Ministry for the Environment: New Zealand.

Ministry for the Environment. 2002a. The New Zealand Waste Strategy. Ministry for the Environment: New Zealand.

Ministry for the Environment. 2002b. Solid Waste Analysis Protocol. Ministry for the Environment: New Zealand.

Ministry for the Environment. 2007. The 2006/07 National Landfill Census

SCS Wetherill Environmental. 2002. National Greenhouse Gas Inventory from the Waste Sector
1990–2020
. A report for the Ministry for the Environment: New Zealand.

SKM. 2007. Greenhouse Gases from the Waste Incineration Sector. Unpublished.

Waste Management New Zealand. 2005. Landfill Methane Recovery Estimate and National Greenhouse Gas Inventory from the Waste Sector. Report commissioned by the Ministry for the Environment: New Zealand.

Waste Not Consulting. 2006. Waste Composition and Construction Waste Data. Unpublished.