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References

General references

FCCC/CP/2001/13/Add.3. Report of the conference of the parties on its seventh session, held at Marrakesh from 29 October to 10 November 2001. Addendum Part II: action taken by the conference of the parties Volume iii. UNFCCC.

FCCC/CP/2002/8. Review of the implementation of commitments and of other provisions of the convention. National Communications: Greenhouse Gas Inventories from Partiesincluded in Annex 1 to the Convention. UNFCCC guidelines on reporting and review. UNFCCC.

FCCC/SBSTA/2004/8. Guidelines for the preparation of national communications by Parties included in Annex I to the Convention, Part I: UNFCCC reporting guidelines on annual inventories (following incorporation of the provisions of decision 13/CP.9). UNFCCC.

IPCC, 1995. Climate Change 1995: The Science of Climate Change. Contribution of Working Group I to the Second Assessment of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

JT Houghton, LG Meira Filho, BA Callender, N Harris, A Kattenberg and K Maskell (Eds)

Cambridge University Press, UK. pp 572.

IPCC, 1996. Revised 1996 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories.

JT Houghton, LG Meira Filho, B Lim, K Treanton, I Mamaty, Y Bonduki,

DJ Griggs and BA Callender (Eds). IPCC/OECD/IEA. UK Meteorological Office, Bracknell.

IPCC, 2000. Good Practice Guidance and Uncertainty Management in National Greenhouse Gas Inventories. J Penman, D Kruger, I Galbally, T Hiraishi, B Nyenzi, S Emmanul, L Buendia, R Hoppaus, T Martinsen, J Meijer, K Miwa and K Tanabe (Eds).

IPCC National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Programme. Published for the IPCC by the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies, Japan.

IPCC, 2001. Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

JT Houghton, Y Ding, DJ Griggs, M Noguer, PJ van der Linden and D Xiaosu (Eds.)

Cambridge University Press, UK. pp 944.

IPCC, 2003. Good Practice Guidance for Land-Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry. J Penman, M Gytarsky, T Hiraishi, T Krug, D Kruger, R Pipatti, L Buendia, K Miwa, T Ngara,

K Tanabe and F Wagner (Eds). IPCC National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Programme. Published for the IPCC by the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies, Japan.

UNFCCC, 2001a. FCCC/WEB/IRI(1)/2000/NZL. Report of the individual review of the greenhouse gas inventory of New Zealand submitted in the year 2000. (Desk review). 20 June 2001.

UNFCCC, 2001b. FCCC/WEB/IRI(2)/2000/NZL. Report of the individual review of the greenhouse gas inventory of New Zealand submitted in the year 2000. (In-country review). 20 July 2001.

UNFCCC, 2002. FCCC/WEB/IRI(3)/2000/NZL. Report of the individual review of the greenhouse gas inventory of New Zealand submitted in the year 2000. (Centralised review). 30 May 2002.

UNFCCC, 2003. FCCC/WEB/IRI(1)/2002/NZL. Report of the individual review of the greenhouse gas inventory of New Zealand submitted in the year 2002. (Desk review). 13 October 3003.

UNFCCC, 2004. FCCC/WEB/IRI(3)/2003/NZL. New Zealand. Report of the individual review of the greenhouse gas inventory submitted in the year 2003. (Centralised review). 30 March 2004.

UNFCCC, 2005. FCCC/WEB/IRI/2004/NZL. New Zealand. Report of the individual review of the greenhouse gas inventory submitted in the year 2004. (Centralised review). 24 February 2005.

Specific references for Chapter 3: Energy

Baines JT, 1993. New Zealand Energy Information Handbook: energy data conversion factors and definitions, Taylor Baines and Associates, Christchurch, New Zealand.

Beamish BB and Vance WE, 1992. Greenhouse Gas Contributions from Coal Mining in Australia and New Zealand, Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, volume 22, number 2.

Bone IH, Hunt M and Spring C, 1993. Greenhouse Gas Emissions from New Zealand Transport, report by Beca Carter Hollings and Ferner Limited for the Ministry of Transport, New Zealand.

Hale and Twomey Ltd. 2003. Review of Energy Sector Greenhouse Gas Emissions Factors. Report to Energy Modelling and Statistics Unit, Ministry of Economic Development.

Ministry of Economic Development, June 2004. New Zealand Energy Greenhouse Gas Emissions 1990-2003, Wellington, New Zealand.

Waring P, Raine R and Elder ST, 1991. Oxides of Nitrogen Study: NOx emission levels from the New Zealand transport fleet with special reference to greenhouse gas warming. Report by DSIR Industrial Development for the Ministry for the Environment, New Zealand.

Specific references for Chapter 4: Industrial processes

Bloor David, 2005. Personal communication. New Zealand Aluminium Smelter.

CRL Energy Ltd, 2004. Inventory of Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Industrial Sources and Solvents for New Zealand 2002-2003. W. Hennessy (Ed). A report by CRL Energy Ltd to the New Zealand Climate Change Office of the Ministry for the Environment.

CRL Energy Ltd, 2004a. Inventory of HFC, PFC & SF6 Emissions for New Zealand 2002-2003. W. Hennessy (Ed). A report by CRL Energy Ltd to the New Zealand Climate Change Office of the Ministry for the Environment.

Ministry of Economic Development, 2002. New Zealand Energy Greenhouse Gas Emissions 1990-2001, Wellington, New Zealand.

Montgomery Watson, 2002. Inventory of Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Industrial Sources and Solvent and Other Product Use, HFCs and PFCs and SF6. Report to the Ministry for the Environment, New Zealand, April 2002.

Specific references for Chapter 5: Solvents

Auckland Regional Council, 1997. Auckland Emissions Inventory. Report by the Victorian Environmental Protection Agency, New Zealand.

CRL Energy Ltd, 2004. Inventory of Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Industrial Sources and Solvents for New Zealand 2002-2003. W. Hennessy (Ed). A report by CRL Energy Ltd to the New Zealand Climate Change Office of the Ministry for the Environment.

Nelson, P, 1992. Waste Control and Pollution Prevention in the Paint Industry, Surface Coatings Australia, July.

USEPA, 1985. Compilation of Air Pollutant Emission Factors, Vol. 1: Stationary Point and Area Sources, 4th edition (commonly known as AP-42).US Environmental Protection Agency.

Specific references for Chapter 6: Agriculture

Baldwin RL, Thornley JHM & Beever DE, 1987. Journal of Dairy Research 54:107-131.

CSIRO, 1990. Feeding Standards for Australian Livestock: Ruminants.

Carran RA, Theobold P W and Evans JP, 1995. Emissions of nitrous oxide from some grazed pasture soils, New Zealand and Australian Journal of Soil Research: 33: 341-352.

Clark, H, Brookes, I, and Walcroft, A, 2003. Enteric methane emissions from New Zealand ruminants 1990 - 2001 calculated using an IPCC Tier 2 approach. Report prepared for the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, March 2003.

De Klein CAM, Barton L, Sherlock RR, Li Z, Littlejohn RP, 2003. Estimating a nitrous oxide emissions factor for animal urine from some New Zealand pastoral soils. Australian Journal of Soil Research (in press).

Joblin KN and Waghorn GC, 1994. Estimates of methane production from animal waste deposited on New Zealand pastures. Report for the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries and the Ministry for the Environment by the New Zealand Pastoral Agriculture Research Institute, New Zealand.

Kay, RNB, 1995. Body Size, Patterns of Growth, and Efficiency of Production in Red Deer. Biology of Deer Production, PF Fennessey and KR Drew editors, Royal Society of New Zealand Bulletin 22: 411-421.

Kelliher FM, Ledgard SF, Clark H, Walcroft AS, Buchan M and Sherlock RR, 2003. A Revised Nitrous Oxide Emissions Inventory for New Zealand 1990 - 2001. Report for the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, March 2003.

Lassey KR, Martin RJ, Brailsford GW, Waghorn GC, Ulyatt MJ, Zimmerman PR, Westberg HH and Johnson KA, 1995. Ruminant methane measurements: preliminary trials, NIWA Science and Technology Series, number 22, Lower Hutt, New Zealand.

Lassey KR, Ulyatt MJ, Martin RJ, Walker CF and Shelton ID, 1997. Methane Emissions Measured Directly from Grazing Livestock in New Zealand. Atmospheric Environment, 31, 2905-2914.

Laubach J and Kelliher FM (in press). Measuring methane emission rates of a dairy cow herd by two micrometeorological techniques. Submitted to Agricultural and Forest Meteorology.

Ledgard S and Brier G (2004). Estimation of the proportion of animal excreta transferred to the farm dairy effluent system. Report prepared for the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry.

Muller C, Sherlock RR and Williams PH, 1995. Direct field measurements of nitrous oxide emissions from urine-affected and urine-unaffected pasture in Canterbury. In: Proceedings of the Workshop on fertilizer requirements of grazed pasture and field crops: macro and micronutrients, pp.243 - 347. Eds Currie LD and Loganathan P. Occasional Report No. 8, ISSN 0112-9902: Massey University, Palmerston North. February 1995.

Payton IJ and Pearce G (2001). Does fire deplete physical and biological resources of tall- tussock (Chionochloa) grasslands? The latest attempt at some answers. pp 243-249 in proceedings: Bushfire 2001. Australasian Bushfire Conference. 3-6 July 2001, Christchurch, New Zealand.

Sherlock RR, Johnston G, Kelliher F, Newsome P, Walcroft A, de Klein CAM, Ledgard S, 2001. A desktop study of regional variations in nitrous oxide emissions. Report prepared for the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry.

Thomas SM, Ledgard SF, Francis GS, 2003. Appropriateness of IPCC default values for estimating New Zealand's indirect nitrous oxide emissions. Report prepared for the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry.

Ulyatt MJ, Betteridge K, Knapp J and Baldwin RL, 1992. Methane production by New Zealand ruminants in Global Change: Impacts on agriculture and forestry, edited by WM Williams, Bulletin 30: 89-93. Royal Society of New Zealand, Wellington, New Zealand.

Ulyat, J, Baker SK, McCrabb GJ, Lassey KR, 1999. Accuracy of the SF6 Tracer Technology and Alternatives for Field Measurements. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 50: 1329-1334.

Waghorn G, Molano G and Lassey K, 2002. Estimates of whole herd methane production from cows at the Lincoln University Dairy Farm in January and March 2002. A preliminary report to Landcare Research. Unpublished, 17 pp.

Waghorn G, Molano G and Cavanagh A, 2003. An Estimate of Whole Herd Methane Production from Cows at the Lincoln University Dairy Farm in October 2003. Final Report Prepared for Landcare Research NZ Ltd. AgResearch, Palmerston North, 23 pp.

Specific references for Chapter 7: Land-use change and forestry

Coomes DA, Allen RB, Scott, NA, Goulding C and Beets P, 2002. Designing systems to monitor carbon stocks in forests and shrublands. Forest Ecology and Management 164, 89-108.

Garcia O, 1984. FOLPI: a forestry-oriented linear programming interpreter, pp 293-305 in Nagumo, H et al (eds). Proceedings from the IUFRO symposium on Forest Management, Planning and Managerial Economics, University of Tokyo.

Hollinger DY, Maclaren JP, Beets PN and Turland J, 1993. Carbon sequestration by New Zealand's plantation forests, New Zealand Journal of Forest Science, 23 (2).

Hall G, Wiser S, Allen R, Moore T, Beets P, Goulding C, 1998. Estimate of the carbon stored in New Zealand's indigenous forest and scrub vegetation for 1990. Report for the Ministry for the Environment, Landcare Research and Forest Research, Hamilton, New Zealand.

Lawton M and Calman S, 1999. Framework Report for the Carbon Monitoring System. Report No. 39, Landcare Research, Forest Research and Ministry for the Environment, Wellington, New Zealand.

Lawton M and Barton J, 2002. Framework Report on the Development of the National Carbon Monitoring System. Report prepared for the Ministry for the Environment, Wellington, New Zealand.

Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, 2001. A National Exotic Forest Description as at 1 April 2000, edition 17.

Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, 2005. A National Exotic Forest Description as at 1 April 2004.

NEFD, 2003: National Exotic Forest Description as at 1 April 2002. Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, March 2003, 55p.

Scott NA, Tate KR, Giltrap DJ, Newsome PF, Davis MR, Baisden WT, Saggar S, Trotter CM, Walcroft AS, White JD, Trustrum NA, and Stephens PR, 2001. Critical issues in quantifying land-use change effects on New Zealand's terrestrial carbon budget: Deforestation, afforestation and reforestation, pages 559-562. in: Extended Abstracts Vol.1, 6th International Carbon Dioxide Conference, Sendai, Japan, October 2001. Organizing Committee of the Sixth International Carbon Dioxide Conference, Tohoku University, Japan.

Tate KR, Scott NA, Parshotam A., Brown L, Wilde RH, Giltrap DJ, Trustrum NA, Gomez B and Ross DJ, 2000. A multi-scale analysis of a terrestrial carbon budget: Is New Zealand a source or sink of carbon? Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, Volume 82, Issues 1-3, December 2000, pages 229-246.

Tate KR, Barton JP, Trustrum NA, Baisden WT, Saggar S, Wilde RH, Giltrap DA and Scott NA, 2003. Monitoring and modelling soil organic carbon stocks and flows in New Zealand. In: Soil organic Carbon and Agriculture: Developing Indicators for Policy Analysis, (Ed. C.A.Scott-Smith), Proceedings of an OECD expert Meeting, Ottawa, Canada, October 2002. Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Paris, 329pp.

Tate KR, Wilde RH, Giltrap DJ, Baisden WT, Saggar S, Trustrum NA, Scott NA, 2003. Current approaches to soil carbon monitoring in New Zealand in Proceedings of Carbon measurement and monitoring forum (CASGMS), Manhattan, Kansas, October 15-17, 2003.

Te Morenga L and Wakelin SJ, 2003. Carbon inventory of New Zealand's planted forests [Calculations revised as at April 2003], report for the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry and the Ministry for the Environment, Forest Research, Rotorua, New Zealand.

Theron M (Chair), Brown S, O'Loughlin C, Paustian K, Whitmore A, 1999. International review of New Zealand's carbon monitoring project. Contract report for the Ministry for the Environment, Wellington, New Zealand.

Thompson S, Gruner I, Gapare N, 2004. New Zealand Land Cover Database Version 2. Illustrated Guide to Target Classes. Report for the Ministry for the Environment.

Specific references for Chapter 8: Waste

Metcalf and Eddy, (1992). Wastewater engineering treatment and disposal and reuse, McGraw Hill, ISBN 0-07-100824-1.

Ministry for the Environment, 1992. New Zealand Waste Analysis Protocol. Prepared by

Worley Consultants Ltd and MAF Technology Lincoln. Ministry for the Environment, Wellington, New Zealand.

Ministry for the Environment, 1997. National Waste Data Report. Ministry for the Environment, Wellington, New Zealand.

Ministry for the Environment, 2002. The New Zealand Waste Strategy. Ministry for the Environment, Wellington, New Zealand.

Ministry for the Environment, 2002a. Solid Waste Analysis Protocol. Ministry for the Environment, Wellington, New Zealand.

Ministry for the Environment, 2002b. Landfill Review and Audit, Ministry for the Environment, Wellington, New Zealand.

Ministry for the Environment, 2003. Solid Waste Analysis Protocol Baseline Results, Ministry for the Environment, Wellington, New Zealand.

NRB, 1995, Landfill Census, report by the National Research Bureau Ltd for the Ministry for the Environment, New Zealand.

SCS Wetherill Environmental, 2002: National Greenhouse Gas Inventory from the Waste Sector 1990 - 2020. A report for the Ministry for the Environment, Wellington, New Zealand.