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Abbreviations

ANZECC

Australia and New Zealand Environment and Conservation Council

BaP

Benzo(a)pyrene

C4H6

1,3 Butadiene

C6H6

Benzene

CARB

Californian Air Resources Board

CNS

Central nervous system

CO

Carbon monoxide

COHb

Carboxyhaemoglobin

COPD

Cardio-pulmonary obstructive disease

Cr

Chromium

EECA

Energy Efficiency and Conservation Authority

EPAQS

Expert Panel on Air Quality Standards (UK)

EPI

Environmental Performance Indicator

ERMA

Environmental Risk Management Authority

FEV1

Forced expiratory volume in one second

H2S

Hydrogen sulphide

Hb

Haemoglobin

HCHO

Formaldehyde

HSNO

Hazardous Substances and New Organisms Act 1996

IARC

International Agency for Research on Cancer

LOAEL

Lowest observable adverse effects level

NO

Nitric oxide

NO2

Nitrogen dioxide

NOx

Oxides of nitrogen

O2

Oxygen

O3

Ozone

PAH

Polyaromatic hydrocarbon

PM2.5

Particulate matter with diameter less than 2.5 µgm-3

PM10

Particulate matter with diameter less than 10 µgm-3

REL

Reference exposure level

RfC

Reference concentration

RfD

Reference dose

RMA

Resource Management Act 1991

SO2

Sulphur dioxide

UNECE

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

US EPA

United States Environmental Protection Agency

VFECS

Vehicle Fleet Emission Control Strategy

WHO

World Health Organization

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