This page provides information about the Waste Minimisation Act 2008 and regulations under this Act.
Read the Act
- Waste Minimisation Act 2008 [New Zealand Legislation website].
What the Act does
The Waste Minimisation Act 2008 Act (the Act) encourages a reduction in the amount of waste we generate and dispose of in New Zealand. The aim is to reduce the environmental harm of waste and provide economic, social and cultural benefits for New Zealand.
How the Act seeks to achieve its aims
To achieve its aims, the Act:
- imposes a levy on all waste disposed of in landfills to generate funding to help local government, communities and businesses minimise waste. Find out more.
- establishes a process for government accreditation of product stewardship schemes which recognises those businesses and organisations that take responsibility for managing the environmental impacts of their products
- requires product stewardship schemes to be developed for certain ‘priority products’ where there is a high risk of environmental harm from the waste or significant benefits from recovering the product
- allows for regulations to be made to control the disposal of products, materials or waste, require take-back services, deposit fees or labelling of products
- allows for regulations to be made that make it mandatory for certain groups (eg, landfill facility operators) to report on waste to improve information on waste minimisation
- clarifies the roles and responsibilities of territorial authorities with respect to waste minimisation
- establishes the Waste Advisory Board to give independent advice to the Minister for the Environment on waste minimisation issues.
Provisions of the Act
Provisions of the Act are outlined in the following pages on our website:
- Waste disposal levy
What the waste disposal levy is and why we have one, information for waste disposal facility operators and findings from the three-yearly reviews of the effectiveness of the levy.
- Product stewardship
What product stewardship is, and how schemes are implemented and managed.
- Waste Minimisation Fund
What the fund is, eligibility and assessment criteria and guidance on how to apply.
- Role of territorial authorities
Obligations under the Act.
- The Waste Advisory Board
An overview of the Waste Advisory Board which provides independent advice to the Minister for the Environment on matters relating to the Act and waste minimisation.
Regulations under the Act
There are three sets of regulations under the Act.
- Waste Minimisation (Calculation and Payment of Waste Disposal Levy) Regulations 2009 [New Zealand Legislation website]
These regulations cover the calculation and payment of the waste disposal levy.
- Waste Minimisation (Microbeads) Regulations 2017 [New Zealand Legislation website].
These regulations ban the sale and manufacture of certain products containing plastic microbeads. For more information, see Plastic microbeads ban.
- Waste Minimisation (Plastic Shopping Bags) Regulations 2018 [New Zealand Legislation website]. These regulations ban retailers from selling or providing single-use plastic shopping bags to customers. For more information see Single-use plastic shopping bags are banned in New Zealand.
Help for territorial authorities
We have a team that works closely with territorial authorities on implementing the Act..
Territorial authorities who have questions on the Act can contact us by calling (04) 439 7400 or emailing email@example.com.
We are also keen to hear about any waste problem-solving, best practice and shared initiatives in local government.
History of the Waste Minimisation Act
The Act was the result of a Private Members Bill called the Waste Minimisation (Solids) Bill [New Zealand Parliament website], introduced to Parliament by the Green Party on 4 May 2006. The Act was passed in September 2008.
The following documents were produced before or while the Act went through the Parliamentary process.
Supplementary Order Paper that contains amendments to the Waste Minimisation (Solids) Bill [New Zealand Parliament website]
Towards a Sustainable New Zealand: Measures to minimise solid waste - Cabinet paper
Cabinet paper about measures to manage and minimise waste in accordance with the New Zealand Waste Strategy.
Regulatory impact statement: Towards a Sustainable New Zealand – Measures to Minimise Solid Waste
Solid waste and measures to minimise waste.
Regulatory impact statement: Towards a Sustainable New Zealand – Proposals for Product Stewardship
Assessing priority products and product stewardship schemes.
Recycling: Cost Benefit Analysis report (April 2007)
Report of the costs and benefits of recycling, in particular household kerbside recycling relative to landfill disposal.