Conditional Release and Enforcement

This paper proposes amendments to the Hazardous Substances and New Organisms (HSNO) Act 1996 to create a category of approval for the release of organisms called conditional release, which would enable ERMA to approve the release of new organisms with controls. This paper also addresses compliance and enforcement matters. It is recommended that genetically modified (GM) and non-GM new organisms be treated identically under these proposed provisions.