New Zealand’s Nationally Determined Contribution

The key part of the Paris Agreement is the contribution each country will make to address climate change. Ahead of the negotiations in Paris, all countries were asked to put forward a target to reduce emissions in the period after 2020. These were known as Intended Nationally Determined Contributions or INDCs. Once ratified, the INDC is known as Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC).

In November 2015, the New Zealand Government submitted an addendum to our INDC [UNFCCC website].

The addendum clarifies New Zealand's assumptions about accounting for human-generated greenhouse gas emissions and removals from forestry and other land use underpinning the INDC. These assumptions will inform New Zealand's participation in the negotiations on a new global climate change agreement.

The approach described in the addendum builds on the forestry accounting rules under the Kyoto Protocol which New Zealand currently uses to account for forestry emissions and removals. Under this approach, New Zealand would continue to earn credits for afforestation, and be liable for deforestation, while accommodating the ongoing cyclical effects of forest harvest and regrowth that occur as part of normal, sustainable forest management.

New Zealand ratified the Paris Agreement on 4 October 2016 and submitted our NDC to the UNFCCC.

Our NDC is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 30 per cent below 2005 levels by 2030.

Public consultation on the target

The New Zealand public was consulted in 2015 before the 2030 target was set.

Find out about the consultation

Find out more

Related Cabinet papers

Cabinet paper on New Zealand's intended contribution to the new global climate change agreement
This is the Cabinet paper which supported Ministers' final decisions on New Zealand's Intended Nationally Determined Contribution. Some information has been withheld in this published version consistent with grounds under the Official Information Act.

Related publications

New Zealand's Greenhouse Gas Inventory 1990–2018 snapshot
A summary of New Zealand's Greenhouse Gas Inventory 1990-2017

New Zealand's Seventh National Communication under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol
Includes current domestic policies and projected emissions out to 2030.

A general equilibrium analysis of options for New Zealand’s post-2020 climate change contribution

Modelling the economic impact of New Zealand’s post-2020 climate change contribution

Research paper on comparability of New Zealand’s 2030 climate change target