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Annex C: Summary of policies and measures

Table C.1:  Summary of policies and measures by sector

Name of policy or measures

Objective and/or activity affected

GHG affected

Type of instrument

Status

Implementing entity or entities

Estimated mitigation in:

2009
(Gg CO2-e per year)

2020
(Gg CO2-e per year)

2040
(Gg CO2-e per year)

New Zealand Emissions Trading Scheme The scheme will cover all sectors and all gases, and will reduce emissions by making emitters pay for any emissions covered under the Kyoto Protocol. CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6. Economic, regulatory Implemented The Ministry of Economic Development, the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, and the Ministry for the Environment   10,000  
Marine Energy and Distributed Generation Funds Providing financial assistance and support for research into, and deployment of, marine and small-scale electricity generating activities. CO2, N2O Fiscal and information Implemented Energy Efficiency and Conservation Authority   70  
Efficient Products Programme This programme develops energy efficiency measures for a range of residential, commercial and industrial products, and allows both New Zealand and Australia to set consistent standards and measures for energy efficiency. CO2 Regulatory, voluntary, information Implemented Energy Efficiency and Conservation Authority   1,400  
Business programmes Provides information on new technologies and energy management, grants for energy audits and demonstrations of new technology, and one-on-one support for energy-intensive businesses. Grant funding is available for new or under-utilised technology improvements. CO2 Voluntary, information, fiscal Implemented Energy Efficiency and Conservation Authority   32  
ENERGYWISE homes Aims to increase energy efficiency in homes by providing information and grants for energy efficiency measures. Also provides information on the funding available to reduce energy consumption, including clean space heating options and solar hot water. CO2 Information, fiscal Implemented Energy Efficiency and Conservation Authority   20  
Electricity efficiency programme Provides subsidies for efficient electrical products such as light bulbs and electric motors. Subsidies are also available for projects to improve efficient use of electricity in commercial buildings. CO2 Fiscal, information Implemented Electricity Commission 89    
Energy efficiency in government Supports central and local government entities to implement energy efficiency initiatives within their own operations. Provides information and forums to improve awareness of energy efficiency in the community. Also provides grant funding for energy audits. CO2 Fiscal, information Implemented Energy Efficiency and Conservation Authority   NE  
Vehicle fuel economy labelling Allows consumers to make a more informed choice when purchasing a vehicle and to place an appropriate value on fuel economy. CO2 Regulatory Implemented New Zealand Transport Agency and the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Authority   43  
Renewable transport fuels including biofuels To encourage greater production of biofuels` and to ensure equal incentives for different types of biofuels between now and 2012, the Government has agreed to provide a grant to biodiesel producers. CO2 Fiscal Implemented Energy Efficiency and Conservation Authority   NE  
Electric vehicles Promote uptake of electric vehicles in New Zealand, by exempting them from road-user charges. CO2 Fiscal Implemented Energy Efficiency and Conservation Authority   NE  
Other transport measures These include research and driver training to promote more efficient driving practices, and funding to improve and promote the use of public transport in New Zealand. CO2 Education and fiscal Implemented Ministry of Transport and other agencies across government   NE  
Global Alliance on agricultural emissions A worldwide virtual network set up for climate change research into agriculture and food production. CH4, NO Research Planned     NE  
Primary Growth Partnership (PGP) Provides investment in significant programmes of research and innovation to boost the economic growth and sustainability of New Zealand’s primary, forestry and food sectors. CH4, NO, CO2 Research, information Implemented Foundation for Research, Science and Technology   NE  
Pastoral Greenhouse Gas Research Consortium (PGGRC) A partnership between the Government and the dairy and fertiliser industries which provides livestock farmers with the information and means to mitigate their greenhouse gas emissions. CH4, NO Research, information, education Implemented Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry and the Foundation for Research Science and Technology   NE  
Sustainable Land Management and Climate Change Plan of Action Initiatives and programmes in the agricultural and forestry sectors that focus on adaptation to climate change, reducing emissions and enhancing sinks, and new business opportunities. CH4, NO Research, information, education Implemented Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry   NE  
East Coast Forestry Project The main purpose of this project is to reduce erosion by encouraging tree planting on erosion-prone land. The project also enhances the sequestration of carbon in forest sinks. CO2 Voluntary agreement Implemented Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry     399
Afforestation Grant Scheme Aims to increase the area of Kyoto-compliant forest in New Zealand by offering a simpler alternative to the NZ ETS for landowners with small tracts of forest. CO2 Fiscal, voluntary agreement Implemented Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry     154
Permanent Forest Sinks Initiative Promotes the establishment of permanent forests on previously unforested land by offering the opportunity to earn assigned amount units for carbon sequestered in permanent forests established after 1 January 1990. CO2 Voluntary agreement Implemented Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry     84
Increasing the use of wood as a construction material A range of initiatives designed to increase the use of wood as a construction material, such as: funding full life-cycle analysis research, professorship positions, and funding demonstration buildings. CO2 Research, information, education Implemented Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry   NE  
Waste Minimisation Act 2008 Aims to lower the social costs and risks from waste, reduce the damage to the environment from waste generation and disposal, and increase economic benefits by encouraging more efficient use of materials. It will also contribute to reducing greenhouse gas emissions from the waste sector. CH4 Regulatory Implemented Ministry for the Environment   NE  
National Environmental Standard for Landfill Methane. Requires landfill sites with a design capacity greater than 1 million tonnes of refuse to collect and destroy methane emissions. CH4, CO2 Regulatory Implemented Ministry for the Environment   NE  

NE: Not estimated